The element composition of the raw material of perennial garden chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum × hortorum Bailey)
Keywords:Perennial garden chrysanthemum variant Belgo and Pectoral, macroelements, microelements
Topicality. Macro- and microelements in living organisms carry out structural, regulatory, and catalytic functions. The imbalance of chemical elements in living organisms results in metabolic processes and numerous diseases. Natural
complexes of macro- and microelements with biologically active compounds of vegetable origin are widely used in medicine for corrective therapy. Nowadays representatives of the ganus Chrysanthemum have no data as for mineral composition of plant raw material, therefore, the study of the elemental composition of leaves and flowers of garden perennial chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum × hortorum Bailey) Belgo and Pectoral variants are topical.
Aim. To study the content of macro- and micronutrients in the raw material of Chrysanthemum × hortorum Bailey variants Belgo and Pectoral.
Materials and methods. Flowers and leaves of different variants of garden perennial chrysanthemums were harvested during the mass flowering of plants in 2016. Sampling and preparation of objects for research were carried out
according to generally accepted methods. Elemental analysis was carried out using atomic absorption spectrographic method with photographic registration on the DFS-8 device based on the ability of dissociated atomic elements (free of
chemical bonds) to absorb light in a very narrow spectral region.
Results and discussion. In the plant raw material of garden perennial chrysanthemums of Belgo and Pectoral variants, the quantitative content of 11 macro- and microelements was determined and quantified. Among macroelements in leaves and flowers of both studied chrysanthemum variants, potassium, calcium, magnesium and sodium were identified, among microelements – manganese, iron, zinc, copper, nickel, cobalt and cadmium. The quantitative content of macroelements in leaves of both studied varants of chrysanthemums is higher than in flowers, except for magnesium in flowers of Belgo variant and sodium in flowers of variant Pectoral. Quantitative content of microelements also prevails in leaves of garden perennial chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum × hortorum Bailey) variants Belgo and Pectoral, except
for manganese content for Pectoral variant. Conclusions. The elemental composition of leaves and flowers of Chrysanthemum × hortorum Bailey variants of Belgo and Pectoral was studied by atomic absorption spectrographic method. The presence of 4 macro- (potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium) and 7 microelements (manganese, iron, zinc, copper, nickel, cobalt, cadmium) in plant raw material of garden perennial chrysanthemums varieties Belgo and Pectoral have been established and their quantitative content was determined.
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