Study of 90Sr and 137 Cs long-living radionuclides sorption using apple and sunflower pectins in vitro

Authors

  • М. Khalavka National University of Pharmacy http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4339-1681
  • О. Ruban National University of Pharmacy
  • L. Khohlova National University of Pharmacy
  • Т. Gontova National University of Pharmacy
  • А. Krasnopyorova V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University
  • G. Yukhno V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24959/ubphj.20.264

Keywords:

pectins, radionuclides, sorption

Abstract

Topicality. Natural sorbents, pectins are accessible and widespread substances that can not only excrete toxic substances but also regulate mineral metabolism and acid-base balance in the body. The search for new and promising natural sorbents to purify the body of heavy metals and radionuclides is currently actual problem.

Aim. To study the 90Sr and 137Cs long-lived radionuclides sorption using apple and sunflower pectins.

Materials and methods. We used pectins: apple (SE = 78.28 highly esterified) and sunflower (SE = 26.58 low esterified).

Results and discussion. Quantitative characteristics of the interaction of sorbents with 90Sr and 137Cs radionuclides have been determined, and kinetic exchange curves constructed.

Conclusions. According to the results of the researches, the presence of moderate absorption capacity of apple and sunflower pectins has been established, having a linear dependence on the pH medium.

Author Biographies

М. Khalavka, National University of Pharmacy

PhD in Pharmacy, assistant of the Department of Industrial Technology of Drugs

О. Ruban, National University of Pharmacy

Doctor of Pharmacy, Professor, head of the Department of Industrial Technology of Drugs

L. Khohlova, National University of Pharmacy

PhD in Pharmacy, Associate professor of the Department of Industrial Technology of Drugs

Т. Gontova, National University of Pharmacy

Doctor of Pharmacy, Professor, head of the Department of Botany

А. Krasnopyorova, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University

PhD in Chemistry, head of the department of radiochemistry and radioecology, senior researcher, Research Institute of Chemistry

G. Yukhno, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University

PhD in Chemistry, senior researcher, Research Institute of Chemistry

References

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Published

2020-06-04

Issue

Section

Biopharmaceutical research