The investigation of Pimpinella anisum elemental composition
Keywords:Pimpinella anisum, elemental composition, atomic emission spectrometry
Topicality. In medicine, anise oil is widely used and chemical studies of Pimpinella anisum are mainly devoted to establishing the composition of the components of the essential oil obtained from fruits; the aerial part of the plant and, in particular, its elemental composition are not well studied.
Aim. The aim of the work is to study the elemental composition of grass and fruits of Pimpinella anisum.
Materials and methods. For analysis, we used grass and fruits of Pimpinella anisum harvested in the summer of 2019 in Kharkov. The study has been carried out by atomic emission spectrometry. An alternating current arc has been obtained using an SES-28 generator. To obtain the spectrum, a DFS-8 diffraction spectrograph used.
Results and discussion. It has been established that the qualitative elemental composition of grass and fruits of Pimpinella anisum is the same. Both types of raw materials contain 19 elements. Their distribution by quantity shows that K, Ca, Na, Mg, Si, P are dominant. The content of toxic elements does not exceed the limit-permissible concentrations.Conclusions. By atomic emission spectrometry, the element composition of the Pimpinella anisum grass and fruits has been established. The study allows us to evaluate the Pimpinella anisum grass as a perspective source for phytopreparations based on it.
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