DOI: https://doi.org/10.24959/ubphj.20.275

Study of volatile fraction of Pimpinella anisum herb

S. Kolisnyk, U. Umarov, I. Zhuravel, M. Fatkhullaeva, Yu. Kolisnyk, A. Gazieva

Abstract


Topicality. Pimpinella anisum is widely used in folk medicine and pharmaceutical industry. The study of volatile compounds of this plant is aimed mainly at fruits and seeds, and there is insufficient data on the study of herbs.

Aim. To study the qualitative composition and quantitative content of the components of the volatile fraction of the Pimpinella anisum herb.

Materials and methods. For the analysis, we used Pimpinella anisum herb harvested in Kharkiv, in summer, 2019. Chromatographic separation performed on an Agilent 6890N/5973inert gas chromatography – mass spectrometric system (Agilent technologies, USA). Compounds have been identified using the NIST 02 mass spectra library. Quantitative analysis has been performed by adding an internal standard solution to the test samples.

Results and discussion. The presence of 11 components has been established, the total content of which is 3.41 mg/g. The volatile fraction of the Pimpinella anisum herb is dominated by trans-anethole (1.10 mg/g), isoeugenol acetate (0.91 mg/g) and thellungianin G (0.84 mg/g). Unlike fruits and seeds of Pimpinella anisum, where the content of trans-anethole is 90-96 %, in the herbs it is almost 3 times less – 33.26 %.

Conclusions. The qualitative composition and quantitative content of the components of volatile fraction of Pimpinella anisum herb have been investigated by the method of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; 11 compounds were identified, among which trans-anethole dominates with a content of 33.26 %.

Keywords


essential oils; Pimpinella anisum; herb; gas chromatography; mass spectrometry

References


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GOST Style Citations


1.   Voon C. H., Bhat R., Rusul G. Flower extracts and theires sential oils as potential antimicrobial agents for food uses and harmaceutical applications. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. 2012. Vol. 11, № 1. P. 34-55. DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-4337.2011.00169.x (Date of access: 15.07.2020).

 

2.   Essential Oils’ Chemical Characterization and Investigation of Some Biological Activities: A Critical Review / W. Dhifi et al. Medecines. 2016. Vol. 3, № 4. P. 1-16. DOI: 10.3390/medicines3040025 (Date of access: 15.07.2020).

 

3.   Essential Oilsas Antimicrobialsin Food Systems–A Review / J. R. Calo et al. Food Control. 2014. Vol. 54. P. 111-119. DOI: 10.1016/ j.foodcont.2014.12.040.

 

4.   Biological effects of essential oils - a review / F. Bakkali et al. Foodand Chemical Toxicology. 2008. Vol. 46, № 2. P. 446-475. DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2007.09.106 (Date of access: 15.07.2020).

 

5.   Christaki E. V., Bonos E. M., Florou-Paneri P. C. Use of anise seed and/or α-tocopheryl acetate in laying Japanese quail diets. South African Journal of Animal Science. 2011. Vol. 41, № 2. P. 126-133.  DOI: 10.4314/sajas.v41i2.71016 (Date of access: 15.07.2020). 

 

6.   Comparative assessment of phytochemical profiles and antioxidant properties of Tunisian and Egyptian anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) seeds / I. B. Rebey et al. Plant Biosystems – An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology. 2017. Vol. 152, № 5. P. 971-978.  DOI: 10.1080/11263504.2017.1403394 (Date of access: 15.07.2020).

 

7.   Valorizing overlooked local crops in the era of globalization: the case of aniseed (Pimpinella anisum L.) from Castignano (central Italy) / R. Iannarelli et al. Industrial Cropsand Products. 2017. Vol. 104. P. 99-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.04.028 (Date of access: 15.07.2020).

 

8.   Anti-inflammatory effects of anethole in lipopolysaccharide-induced acute injury in mice / P. Kang et al. Lifes ciences. 2013. Vol. 93, № 24. P. 955-961. DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs.2013.10.014 (Date of access: 15.07.2020). 

 

9.   Shojaaii A., Ford M. A. Review of Pharmacological Properties and Chemical Constituents of Pimpinella Anisum. ISRN Pharmaceutics. 2012. P. 1-8. DOI: 10.5402/2012/510795 (Date of access: 15.07.2020).

 

10. Idolo M., Motti R., Mazzoleni S. Ethnobotanical and phytomedicinal knowledge in a long-history protected area, the Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park (Italian Apennines). Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2010. Vol. 127, № 2. P. 379-395. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2009.10.027 (Date of access: 15.07.2020).





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Abbreviated key title: Ukr. biopharm. j.

ISSN 2519-8750 (Online), ISSN 2311-715X (Print)